Like every other website on the planet, SmallNetBuilder uses cookies. Our cookies track login status, but we only allow admins to log in anyway, so those don't apply to you. Any other cookies you pick up during your visit come from advertisers, which we don't control.
If you continue to use the site, you agree to tolerate our use of cookies. Thank you!

Wi-Fi Router Charts

Click for Wi-Fi Router Charts

Mesh System Charts

Click for Wi-Fi Mesh System Charts


Firmware version 4.2.3 was loaded onto the TS-431P and performance tests were run using the Revision 5 NAS test process. All tests were run using Western Digital Red 1 TB WD10EFRX (x4 SNB supplied).

The benchmark summary below compares the QNAP TS-431P and the Synology DS416. File copy Write and File Copy Read results were consistent across all RAID levels (RAID 0, 5, & 10) for both NASes. All results were close to 110 MB/s and approached the theoretical limit of single client testing on a single Gigabit connection. Similarly, the NASPT File Copy to NAS and NASPT File Copy from NAS scores were all within about 5% of each other for both NASes for all RAID levels.

Several sets of tests results stood out. For RAID 0, the TS-431P was almost 17% faster on the NASPT Directory Copy to NAS than the DS416. However, the TS-431P was 40% slower on the NASPT Directory Copy from NAS and 58% slower on the NASPT Content creation. Similarly, the TS-431P was almost 26% faster than the DS416 for NASPT RAID 5 Directory Copy from NAS and about 23% faster for the RAID 10 results on the NASPT Directory Copy to NAS.

For the USB 3.0 backup tests, the DS416 edged out the TP-431P on two of the three file systems tested (EXT3 and NTFS). The DS416 was quite a bit faster on the network backup tests turning in 58MB/s as compared to the 36.6 MB/s on the TS-431P. iSCSI read and write results on the two NASes were within 5% of each other.

Synology DS416 and DS416j Benchmark summary comparison

QNAP TS-431P and Synology DS416 Benchmark summary comparison

To quickly highlight the major differences, I pulled the benchmark results for the two products into an Excel spreadsheet so that I could calculate the percent differences in performance compared to the TS-431P. A negative percentage means that the QNAP TS-431P is slower than the Synology DS416.

Benchmark QNAP TS-431P Synology DS416 Percent Difference
File Copy Write Performance 110.2 109.7 0.5%
File Copy Read Performance 106.3 105.7 0.6%
RAID 5 File Copy Write Performance 109.4 108.4 0.9%
RAID 5 File Copy Read Performance 107.2 105.7 1.4%
RAID 10 File Copy Write Performance 109.8 108.1 1.5%
RAID 10 File Copy Read Performance 104.5 105.0 -0.5%
[NASPT] File Copy To NAS 113.9 111.8 1.8%
[NASPT] File Copy From NAS 110.6 110.8 -0.2%
[NASPT] Directory Copy To NAS 16.2 13.5 16.7%
[NASPT] Directory Copy From NAS 12.9 18.1 -40.3%
[NASPT] Content Creation 8.4 13.3 -58.3%
[NASPT] Office Productivity 60.8 57.9 4.8%
[NASPT] HD Playback & Record 111.6 107.7 3.5%
[NASPT] 4x HD Playback 112.2 112.6 -0.4%
[NASPT] RAID 5 File Copy To NAS 108.3 105.8 2.3%
[NASPT] RAID 5 File Copy From NAS 111.8 111.5 0.3%
[NASPT] RAID 5 Directory Copy To NAS 15.9 14.4 9.4%
[NASPT] RAID 5 Directory Copy From NAS 17.5 13.0 25.7%
[NASPT] RAID 5 Content Creation 10.1 10.5 -4.0%
[NASPT] RAID 5 Office Productivity 54.7 39.8 27.2%
[NASPT] RAID 5 HD Playback & Record 110.0 106.5 3.2%
[NASPT] RAID 5 4x HD Playback 112.7 111.4 1.2%
[NASPT] RAID 10 File Copy To NAS 113.4 113.0 0.4%
[NASPT] RAID 10 File Copy From NAS 109.7 105.3 4.0%
[NASPT] RAID 10 Directory Copy To NAS 16.3 12.6 22.7%
[NASPT] RAID 10 Directory Copy From NAS 17.1 16.5 3.5%
[NASPT] RAID 10 Content Creation 11.4 12.0 -5.3%
[NASPT] RAID 10 Office Productivity 55.5 56.5 -1.8%
[NASPT] RAID 10 HD Playback & Record 110.6 104.4 5.6%
[NASPT] RAID 10 4x HD Playback 111.7 110.2 1.3%
Backup to USB3 Drive - FAT Format 106.3 99.2 6.7%
Backup to USB3 Drive - EXT3 Format 87.5 89.3 -2.1%
Backup to USB3 Drive - NTFS Format 99.2 103.8 -4.6%
Network Backup 36.6 58.0 -58.5%
iSCSI Write to Target 90.4 89.0 1.5%
iSCSI Read From Target 90.4 94.2 -4.2%
Table 2: Percent differences as compared to the QNAP TS-431P (MB/s)

The chart below shows the Total NAS Ranker scores for the eight least expensive four-bay NASes. The QNAP TS-431P has a Total NAS ranking of #9 as compared to the #5 ranking for the Synology DS416.

TOTAL NAS Rank for RAID5 test method Revision 5 NASes

TOTAL NAS Rank for RAID5 test method Revision 5 NASes

Looking at the subcategories, the QNAP TS-431P had category wins for both the Write Benchmarks as well as Read Benchmarks. The relatively poor results for RAID 0 NASPT Content creation dragged the overall category ranking for Mixed Read Write to #9. It's worth noting, however, that the RAID 5 and RAID 10 NASPT Content Creation results were only 4% -5% lower than those of the DS416. Not surprisingly, the Backup category ranking for the TS-431P was dragged down by the relatively slow network backup results. Other categories, as you can see, were very close for many of the tests with the TS-431P often holding a slight edge.

Ranker Performance Summary comparison of the QNAP TS-431P and Synology DS416

Ranker Performance Summary comparison of the QNAP TS-431P and Synology DS416

Closing Thoughts

It's rare to see two competing NASes that turn in so many results within our 5% tolerance for rankings. For all the major file copy read and file copy write tests, the results were nearly identical. So in practical terms, you probably wouldn't notice a difference in performance between the QNAP TS-431P and the Synology DS416.

Looking at the NAS Ranker, it would seem that the cheaper, #8 ranked Synology DS416j might be a better value. But both of the compared NASes in this review have dual Gigabit Ethernet ports, tool-less disk trays, and hot swappable drives - all of which are missing in the DS416j. And both have significantly faster processors that could yield even more performance in a link-aggregated configuration.

In the end,either one of these NASes would be a good choice for the Home/SOHO environment. You can save a few dollars by buying the TS-431P, but ultimately, your decision may come down to whether you prefer the features offered by QNAP's QTS or Synology's DSM operating systems.

Support Us!

If you like what we do and want to thank us, just buy something on Amazon. We'll get a small commission on anything you buy. Thanks!

Don't Miss These

  • 1
  • 2